Advisory Panel

David Edelman, Ph.D.

David Edelman

A neuroscientist known primarily for his work in establishing a theoretical framework for the study of consciousness in non-human species, Edelman has explored such diverse scientific problems as the neural correlates of consciousness in non-human animals, the link between mitochondrial trafficking and function in neurons of the mammalian central nervous system, and the link between homeodomain proteins and regulation of cell adhesion molecules during development. Currently, he is exploring octopus visual perception and its neural basis using a video-based psychophysical approach. Edelman has published in the journals, PLoS One, Journal of Biological Chemistry, Molecular and Cellular Neuroscience, Trends in Neurosciences, Consciousness and Cognition, and Animal Sentience, among others. Before serving as a lecturer in Psychology at the University of San Diego and the University of California, San Diego, Edelman was a Professor of Neuroscience at Bennington College, an Associate Fellow in Experimental Neurobiology at The Neurosciences Institute in San Diego, California, and an Assistant Professor of Neurobiology at The Scripps Research Institute in La Jolla, California. He earned a B.A. in Sociology & Anthropology at Swarthmore College, a Ph.D. in paleoanthropology at the University of Pennsylvania, and completed his postdoctoral training in transcriptional gene regulation and cellular neurobiology at The Scripps Research Institute and the Neurosciences Institute.

Pedro C. Marijuán, Ph.D.

Pedro C. Marijuán

With an extensive and diverse background ranging from industrial engineering to information science and cognitive neuroscience, Pedro Marijuán has spent more than 20 years investigating the nature of information and communication. A particular focus of his research has been the concept of intelligence as applied to both molecular-cellular and organismal (e.g., neural) levels of biological organization. A Research Director at Instituto Aragonés de Ciencias de la Salud from 2011 through 2015, Marijuán is currently a senior researcher at Instituto Aragonés de Ciencias de la Salud, IACS (2008-present), in Zaragoza, Spain. Dr. Marijuán received his bachelor’s degree from Universidad Politécnica de Cataluña in 1975 and his Ph.D. in cognitive neuroscience from Universidad de Barcelona in 1989. He has authored or edited numerous publications across a wide variety of disciplines, including systems biology, neuroscience, cybernetics, and the social sciences, among others. Over the past two decades, he has organized several international conferences in the fields of information science, neuroscience, and biomedicine. (for further info see:

Mark McMenamin, Ph.D.

Mark McMenamin

Professor of Geology, Mount Holyoke College. Mark McMenamin is a Professor of Geology and author or co-author of several books and numerous research articles that consider the origin of animals, the origin of land plants, and the Snowball Earth glaciation. His most recent book, Dynamic Paleontology: Using Quantification and Other Tools to Decipher the History of Life, was published by Springer in 2016. In 2008, Mark received (as director of the Keck Geology project to study the rocks of the Boston Basin) a teaching award from Southern Utah University for student project excellence (the student in question, Jessica Williams, demonstrated the Snowball Earth glacial origin of the Cambridge Argillite). His 2007 book for the Smithsonian Science Series, Science 101: Geology, received wide national distribution. In 1988 he received a Presidential Young Investigator Award from the National Science Foundation, and in 1992-1993 he was named a Sigma Xi National Lecturer. Mark named the supercontinent Rodinia in The Emergence of Animals (Columbia University Press, 1990). His research was featured in 2006 in the National Geographic Channel program, Naked Science: Colliding Continents and in the History Channel’s 2007 program How the Earth Was Made. In 1994, Mark and Dianna McMenamin introduced the Hypersea theory to explain the diversification of life forms on land. The thesis of their book on the subject, Hypersea: Life on Land, was called one of “seven ideas that could change the world” by Discover magazine.

Denis Noble, Ph.D.


Denis Noble developed the first mathematical model of cardiac cells in 1960 using his discovery, with his supervisor Otto Hutter, of two of the main cardiac potassium ion channels. These discoveries were published in Nature (1960) and The Journal of Physiology (1962). The work was later developed with Dick Tsien, Dario DiFrancesco, Don Hilgemann and others to become the canonical models on which more than 100 cardiac cell models are based today. He was elected President of the International Union of Physiological Sciences (IUPS) at its Congress in Kyoto in 2009, and the opening speech is available as a pdf on this page. He was then elected for a second term at the 2013 Congress in Birmingham, UK. He also delivered the opening plenary lecture at the Congress. He is the author of the first popular book on Systems Biology, The Music of Life, and his most recent lectures concern the implications for evolutionary biology. Denis Noble has published more than 500 papers and 11 books. A new book is in preparation.

The Organization

Stuart Pivar

Executive Director
Larimore Hampton Pivar

Chief Scientific Illustrator
Peter Sheesley

Technical Advisor
Janusz Kusyk, Ph.D.